SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (CDM) PROJECT 

07/01/2015 15:20:00

Emissions of a powerful greenhouse gas N2O has reduced by 90% after installation of the secondary catalyst in the process of production of nitric acid in GIKIL's Fertilizer plant. BiH will register the CO2reduction in the amount of 98,000 tons in the course of one year.

This is a very demanding project which GIKIL, as the first company in B&H, initiated in late 2007 with aim of certified reduction of greenhouse gas N2O. N2O is a part of the waste gas generated during the production of nitric acid. GIKIL signed a contract with certified firms N-Serve from Germany and Johnson Matthew from England in the beginning of 2008. The project documentation was completed and  the request to  Department of Environmental Protection at the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH was submitted. Automatic monitoring system (AMS) is installed enabling the measurement of the quality and quantity of waste gas from nitric acid plants, and the same is via server connected with partner companies.

GIKIL registered its project at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) committee for carbon credits at the end of 2011, after appointment of Designated National Authority (DNA) for verification of CDM projects at the state level. After completing the registration in UNFCCC committee for carbon credits and validation of installed equipment and systems, the “base measuring” of emissions in the period from the second half of March to the end of May 2013 was done. Prerequisites for the installation of the secondary catalyst which aims to reduce emissions of N2O emissions by at least 80% was created after termination of the “base measuring”. The secondary catalyst was installed in October 2013.

By starting of Nitric Acid facility the reduction of N2O emissions by 89% was achieved, which created the preconditions to move the project of construction of the facility for the degradation of NOx gases to elemental nitrogen and water. GIKIL's Fertilizer plant produces 53% nitric acid that is further processed into ammonium nitrate which is used for the production of fertilizer KAN. Gases formed in that process, based on nitrogen oxide, are not having negative effects on the local environment by itself, but they are great absorbers of thermal energy. This indirectly causes great damage to the environment.

The project of nitrogen oxide reduction involves the installation of high-temperature catalysts, provided by supplier in Europe. Upon expiry of the deadline for the use, catalyst will be returned to the supplier who will recycle the active ingredients prior to its destruction, so in this way additional environmental pollutions will be avoided. Installation of these catalysts will not influence the current process of obtaining of nitric acid.  This GIKIL’s project will have significant contribution in reducing of global warming. Material assets, obtained by selling the above mentioned certificates/credits, will be used to build the facility for degradation of NOx gases to elemental nitrogen and water.

GIKIL wants to position itself as a leader of the movement that is fighting for the preservation of ecosystems and human health. With this purpose the clean development project was initiated, showing that the producers in Bosnia and Herzegovina are committed to fight against global warming and in accordance with the guidelines of the Kyoto Protocol. It is important to emphasize that GIKIL initiated this project entirely voluntarily, keeping in mind its commitment to the environment and meet international norms, going beyond its obligations as per local requirements.